Saturday, 31 January 2015

Residential Illumination

 Residential Illumination
Subtle and unobtrusive lighting produce the best results. Whether it is the home or office or the business spot the lighting should neither be too bright nor too dim. It should be invisible.
Residential illumination is a special kind of its own. It demands personalization in social spaces like the living room as well as in private spaces like the bed room. A flick of a switch which turns darkness into light, can change a room from romantic to dramatic, to relaxing and even  more energizing.
If the lighting plan is effective, it helps integrate the entire visual environment by creating an appealing ambience for the persons residing, there and establishes guidelines to avoid visual chaos and fragmentation.
Illumination that is concealed and placed carefully can make quality lighting an integral part of aesthetics and an essential function of architecture.
The home lighting is not just the conventional placement of wall lights, pendant lights or chandeliers. The following points had to be borne in mind and be followed for an effective lighting plan.

The lighting illumination for the living room has to be in such a way that, it should provide a relaxing and inviting space, by blending general and accent lights, punctuated with task lights.
- An adequate general illumination level should be established
- Individual lighting arrangements should be made for highlighting art work, plants and bar counter.
- If an entire wall is illuminated with overhead fixtures, it will provide background for room furnishings.
- The decor can be enhanced and doubled up as accent lighting by using decorative fixtures.
- Architectural features like niches and mantels could be played up.

The lighting in the dining room should be such that it should create an atmosphere that elevates the mood of the diners and also flatters the food before them, simultaneously it should be conducive to pleasure and conversation.
- The visual emphasis has to be  kept off the ceilings and the wall. And it should be focused on the d├ęcor of food and guests, with the help of ceiling downlights.
- Any meal can be given a special touch by placing candles and a few lamps in decorative holders.
- Special lighting emphasis should be offered to the service areas and chinaware / silverware.

The kitchen illumination should be in such a way that it provides the right combination of beauty, safety and comfort for the user.
- The general lighting should be well distributed, uniform and as shadowless as possible.
- If fluorescent fixtures are used they reduce the energy consumption without sacrificing illumination.           
- For counter tops, under cabinet task lighting is ideal.
- Over the sink and cooking range, recess luminaries could be placed over.
- If low voltage, mini lights are placed over under and inside cabinets, the kitchen cabinets and be well accentuated.

Bed room being an area of gentle and tender emotions, it should have a subtle aura, helped by combination of general and task lighting with the overlay of accent sources.
- Downlights should be avoided over the bed for they are a direct source of glare.
- For reading at bedside, a table lamp or wall light may be placed on a swivel adjustable arm. 
- The closet, the room within a room should be lighted up.
- The uplighters always cut glare and wash the ceiling, providing soothing ambient lighting.
- Dimmers can be useful to play with the intensity of light as per the mood required to be created.

The best arrangement of lighting for the bath room will be a combination of general and task illuminance.
- If light sources are provided on either side of the mirror the shadow on the face will be minimized.
- Lighting in the bathing area can have a soft glow.
- The light fittings should be vapour proof and water tight.

- The light fitting in these areas should neither impede circulation nor cause a glare.
- As these are transition spaces,intermediate illuminance levels could be created.

- For these areas, a two-way switch on either ends should be installed.

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