Tuesday, 11 November 2014

An article about " Maintenance of Buildings "


It is every one's dream to have a house of his liking. But it needs proper planning from the initial stage itselfThe residential accommodation can be of various types viz. Independent buildings, Row housing. Multistoried apartments (Medium rise or high rise), Villas etc.

The correct approach is to bestow attention to details at the planning and design stage. These should take into account proper orientation to have full benefit of natural daylight, adequate natural ventilation, soil analysis and treatment for termites, adequate plinth height and slope to allow for satisfactory sewage and waste water flow from the premises to the municipal mains, provision for installation of solar water heaters and solar cookers as part of energy conservation, use of energy efficient construction materials, easy maintainability, economy, aesthetics, facility for extension/modification, facility for old people and physically handicapped persons, environmental improvement and economy. The buildings should confirm to the statutory regulations with regard to setbacks, clearances, FAR/FSI etc.
In recent times emphasis is laid on Vastu aspect also. The interior furnishing should be done with ergonomic aspects in view, proper selection of colours for wall paint and drapery effective carpeting. The exterior should include the right type of plants, trees and lawns.

Some of the factors mentioned below are with reference to multistoried buildings,apartments and clusters of interconnected buildings. The buildings and associated services should keep safety as one of the fundamental considerations. This includes, among other things, proper approach, slope, correct width, tread and rise of staircase steps, elevators of proper rating, emergency staircase, proper illumination for stairways and corridors, marking of exit routes in case of fire/other hazards, non-skid flooring for kitchen and bath areas, use of BIS marked materials and fittings and fixtures, use of fire-resistant and eco-friendly materials, provision of standby power supply for elevators and water pumpsets,  staircase and corridor lighting, fire detection and alarm system, proper storage of garbage, parapet walls/barricades in terrace area and emergency first aid facility.

Properand timely maintenance is the key to long life, good appearance, comfortable living and safety. This also assures good market value for the property. The maintenance of buildings includes periodic window cleaning, repainting of internal and external surfaces, painting/polishing of doors, windows and ventilators, lubrication of rolling shutters and other metal doors, floor polishing, cleaning of pipes and storm water drains, cleaning of tanks, fumigation/extermination/pest control, checking of electrical installation including and recalibration of safe trip mechanism and burglar alarm system, checking plumbing system for leaks in walls/roof and taking corrective measures.
The maintenance should cover not only the internal areas but also the external surroundings. In the case of multistorey apartments and clusters of buildings, attention should be paid to the common areas and common utilities like elevators, water storage tanks (underground and overhead) and pumps, standby power supply plant, lawns, garbage disposal area, playground, etc. This is normally taken care of by a committee set up by the association of apartment owners.
Following are some suggestions to help to have a safe, comfortable and trouble-free dwelling place:

• Have the building plan approved by the statutory authority and adhere to the Regulations.
• Entrust the design work to a competent designer.
• Get the work executed by a suitable person with proper licence.
•Draw out contract specifications clearly to avoid disputes at a later date.
• Inspect the materials and workmanship periodically during execution to ensure adherence to specifications.
• Insist on proper safety precautions to be taken by the persons engaged in the construction and maintenance and repair jobs.
• Do not allow engagement of child labour in the works.
• Use only three-pin sockets and plugs of correct rating for use of all appliances.
• Never allow use of bare wires without pins for taking electrical connections.
• Use only approved brand fittings for electrical, plumbing and sanitary works.
• Get weather proofing done only by reputed specialist agency and get written warranty.
• Use rubber mats for work with electrical appliances.
• Proper heights should be considered for mounting of electrical outlets and bolts and fasteners to avoid access by children.
• Use energy efficient light fittings and supplement it with job lighting wherever required.
• Make sure of proper earthing for the entire electrical installation.

A thing of beauty is a joy for ever. Art pieces when judiciously selected and placed in apt places and in proper way in home interiors, brings out the best of not only the ambience but also the mental thinking of the people owning the place.
Wise selection of artwork and their aesthetic placement go a long way in enhancing the mood and atmosphere of the rooms and hall where they are placed.
An interesting way of decorating your home is to hang up artwork first and work your décor around it. It creates an aura for your space giving it greater depth and a definite ambience, and also makes it a great place for good conversation.
However, placing art in the right places and ensuring that it is visible is possible only if you stick to certain design parameters. These include the frames, placement and spacing, height from where it hangs, the colour of the wall on which it is hung, the furnishings, fabrics and accessories used in that particular room.

Individual pieces should be placed in such a way that the centre of the piece is at eye level. When hanging a group of photos, prints, or paintings, try to figure out the layout to get it ideal before you start hanging them the wall. In a room where you generally sit down (a dining room, family room, or office), hang pictures a bit lower, so they can be enjoyed at a lower viewing angle.
You need to relate artwork to the furniture below it. A large framed piece over a sofa or side-board relates more easily when it is hung so that the bottom of the frame is positioned 6 to 12 inches above the top of the sofa back or tabletop.
While working with a group of pictures or objects to be hung on a wall, think of the grouping as one large picture and relate the bottom of the entire group to the furniture underneath it.

Take a look at your collection – does it consist works by favorite artists, a collection of mementoes in shadowboxes from personal experience or family history, a portrait gallery of family members, or a mix of all these styles?
While displaying artwork in a particular room, stick to one of these so that the room does not resemble a confused clutter of mismatched art pieces. The paint colour should complement the artwork. Before choosing room décor, such as wood wall décor, ensure that you have selected the best wall colour that will complement the art.

If your art is themed around the vintage look and has a feel of nostalgia to it, then include things which can help enhance the feeling of nostalgic style. Include vintage signs, vintage linens and furniture.
While selecting your decorative piece, however if you want to be certain they are in keeping with the interior design theme and also have some aspects, then co-ordinate them with each other.
To add softness in addition to enhancing your décor, decorative pillows can be a refreshing choice. Further, the perfect knickknacks to balance your interior decorating scheme can be fun and also help pull the room together.
Having art decor art nouveau clock, lamps and vases on shelves, mantles, and table and geometrically shaped knic-Knacks on shelves can help to create this look.

Galleries and museums maintain a controlled environment so that light and humidity do not damage their artworks. Each piece in your home gallery is just as important.
Art is the best appreciated when hung at average eye level, but again it depends on the piece. It is best to keep the gallery free and airy, with maybe low settees in the  middle. The art should be the focus.

As for light fixtures, do not have overtly bright ones like fluorescent lighting which can be dangerous for the print. You must be able to discern how light-sensitive and having natural light stream-in into 'safe' areas will add to the general ambience.Avoid spots where your artwork will be exposed todirect sunlight.

No comments:

Post a Comment